Guide to business in Spain Guía de negocios en España


4. Local taxes

  • In the case of taxpayers subject to nonresident income tax, the exemption will only apply to those operating in Spain through a permanent establishment, provided that they obtained net sales of under €1 million in the previous year.

The tax payable is calculated on the basis of various factors (type of activity, area of premises, net revenues, etc.). The minimum tax rates published by the Government can be adapted by the municipal authorities.

4.2. Other taxes

  1. Tax on erection and installation projects and construction work
  2. This tax is levied on the actual cost of any work or construction activity that requires prior municipal permission, excluding VAT and any similar taxes.

    The tax rate will be set by each municipal council up to a top rate of 4%, and the tax falls due at the start of the project regardless of whether the permit has been obtained.

  3. Tax on increase in urban land value
  4. This tax is levied on the increase disclosed in the value of urban land whenever land is transferred.

    • Taxpayer: in transfers for consideration, the transferor, and in donations, the transferee.
    • Tax rate: the rate set by each municipal council and capped at 30%.
    • Tax base: the increase in the value of the land. The tax base is determined by reference to the value of the land when the tax falls due, which in the transfer of land will be the value that has been determined for the purposes of property tax. Certain annual percentages will be applied to this value based on the ownership period, which will be determined by each municipal council, and may not be higher than the following limits: (i) Between one and five years: 3.7; (ii) Up to 10 years: 3.5; (iii) Up to 15 years: 3.2; (iv) Up to 20 years: 3.

    This tax is deductible for personal income tax purposes from the transfer value of real estate.

Guide to business in Spain

Tax system


ICEX - Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Economía y competitividad
Elaborado por Garrigues - Abogados y Asesores Tributarios
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