Guide to business in Spain Guía de negocios en España


10. Representative office

10. Representative office

in addition to commercial entities and branches, foreign investors may operate in Spain via a representative office. Noteworthy key features include:

Table 12

representative office features

Legal personality

It does not have its own legal personality independent from the parent company.

Formalities for opening

No commercial formalities are required to open a representative office, although for tax, a labor and social security reasons it might be necessary to execute a public deed (or document executed before a foreign public notary, duly certified by apostille or any other applicable legalization system), which must indicate the opening of the representative office, the funds allocated to the office, the identity of its tax representative, which must be a legal entity or individual resident in Spain, and its powers. The opening of a representative office need not be registered at the Commercial Registry.

Managing body

There are no formal managing bodies, but rather the representative of the office acts under the powers granted to him/her.


In principle, the activities of a representative office are limited, essentially comprising coordination, collaboration, etc.

The non-resident company is liable for all debts incurred by the representative office.

Guide to business in Spain

Annex I. Company and commercial law


ICEX - Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Economía y competitividad
Elaborado por Garrigues - Abogados y Asesores Tributarios
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