Please find below the list of business opportunities related to this sector. For further information, please contact us.
Last updated: 22|12|2015
The great challenge of desalination is to reduce operating costs, particularly energy which makes up as much as 40% of costs. In the case of reverse osmosis, the most widespread technology, energy is consumed to generate pressures of 20 atmospheres and facilitate the salt water passing through the membrane, which retains salts.
The investigation of new properties that material exhibits at the nano scale (atoms and molecules) and large-scale production. Graphene stands out among nanomaterials for all of its properties: lightness, strength, flexibility, transparency, reactivity to other chemicals, high speed electrical and data conductivity which makes it a strategic material for customer sectors such as the computing and electronics sector (making faster processors, flexible displays, touch screens coating) and in the chemicals industry (production of ultra-fast charging batteries). The opportunity rests on two levels; the first mass production and high purity graphene as a raw material (chemicals) ; and second, the development of applications as a complement or substitute for silicon.
This involves the extraction of natural gas from unconventional reservoirs that is stored in tiny pores within impermeable rocks. Through the technique of hydraulic fracturing or fracking, shale gas accumulated in the pores of sedimentary stratified rocks as is extracted. The exploitation of gas can be either on land (onshore) or at sea (offshore). The cost of removal is high, especially offshore, but rising oil prices make the operation viable in Spanish regions like the Basque Country, Cantabria and Burgos where it is estimated that only in Alava reserves amount to at least to consumption of five years of Spain.
This consists of the production of biocatalysts (enzymes) from the optimisation of growth of a microorganism (bacteria, fungi or yeasts), from the laboratory to the production floor. The scaling consists of a series of steps: design, laboratory, pilot plant and industrial production. In each, the output gradually increases, from 0.1 litres, to 3000 or 9,000 in the pilot plants. There is a bottleneck in Spain between research capacity and demand from the food and biofuel industry, which requires strengthening experimentation (pre-scaling and scaling) centres enabling modular scaling.
Last updated: 20|01|2016