Car manufacture started in 1965 with the creation of the Anglo-Spanish company Authi. After a few years it became SEAT and in 1994, Volkswagen.
Nowadays the sector includes 105 companies, with a turnover of around 5,100 million euros. It directly employs around 12,000 people, 4.3 % of the region’s workforce. In 2016, exports from the sector stood at 3,750 million euros, i.e. 45 % of goods exports from Navarra.
As for its business fabric, Navarra has a solid base of Tier 1 and Tier 2 suppliers offering high-quality products, and it has gradually grown thanks to the main driver: Volkswagen Navarra. These companies compete at international level and are characterized by their flexibility and adaptability to demand from constructors. Component companies play an increasingly important role in the value chain, the result of the high - and growing - level of outsourcing of production commonly found in vehicle manufacturers. In the light of the figures, they also play a key role in job creation headed by the Volkswagen factory in Landaben, which will start to produce a second model in 2018 with the creation of 200 new jobs.
Companies based in Navarra also manufacture products for transmission systems, interior parts and power train, mainly. These three areas represent more than 65 % of the industrial activity of the automotive sector. Companies located in the region have a strong presence in the braking, chassis, transmission and interior design subsectors.
Navarra has a strong R&D+i centre that specialises in the automotive sector:
Cemitec is the Multidisciplinary Technology Centre for Industry in Navarra. It has four fields of specialisation: electronics, mechanics, materials and the application of materials.
Its mission is to help to increase the competitive¬ness of companies through the development of R&D+i technology services and other activities that promote innovation. Among others, Cemitec offers the following services related to the auto¬motive sector:
1. Development of electronic products: software, hardware and control. Engine control units to monitor and manage automotive components.
2. Technological assistance in materials.
3. Structural mechanics: component and systems testing.
ACAN Automotive Cluster
A business association to improve the competi¬tiveness of the automotive sector and consolidate Navarra as a region of excellence in this sector.
Los Arcos Circuit
Navarra has the only motor racing circuit in the north-west quadrant of Spain. Located at Los Arcos, 62.3 kilometres from Pamplona, it is a large recreational and sports area dedicated to the world of motoring. It also has facilities to create and house a wide range of corporate and leisure events. Presentations of new models by Audi and Jaguar, filming TV adverts (Mercedes) and a stage finish of the Tour of Spain cycle race.
Some of the most important companies in the region are Volkswagen, Fagor Ederlan, Faurecia, KYB, TRW, Dana Delphi, Gestamp, Nucap, SAS Automotive, SKF, Kayser Automotive Systems, TI Automotive, Tecnoconfort, ISRI or Antolín among others.
Navarra has one of the leading agrifood clusters in Spain, located in the Ebro valley. It promotes and facilitates innovative processes that are being developed by the sector to improve its performance. With annual revenues of 3,000 million euros plus 900 million from the primary sector, Navarra offers a strong agrifood base that covers almost all the value chain, from the primary sector to the agrifood sector.
The agrifood sector is the second most important economic area in Navarra, representing 5 % of the region’s GDP and 14% of its industrial GDP. It is a dynamic sector in which exports of agrifood products from Navarre have grown 92 % since 2008, a sub-sector that already accounts for 12.7 % of total exports.
Its business fabric is varied, including companies of international prestige.
1. The two biggest producers of frozen vegetables in Spain, Ultracongelados Virto and Congelados de Navarra, are Navarrese companies.
2. It is a leading region in canned vegetables, with the biggest national group located in Navarra.
3. It is also home to the leading company producing ready-to-eat salads and fresh vegetables in Spain: Grupo Florette Ibérica.
4. A leading region at national level in the niche market of duck products, with local companies working in the sector such as Conservas Martiko.
Navarra has a strong presence of foreign companies in the region, including some of the biggest companies at international level: General Mills, Gelagri Iberica, Mondelez International or Agrozumos.
Research centres lead the creation and development of new lines of growth in the sector.
The National Centre of Food Technology and Safety (CNTA) works closely with the agrifood sector in the areas of quality, technology, safety and innovation in foodstuffs. It basically works in five main areas: research, development and innovation (R&D+i) in foods; analyses, assistance in processes and quality and food safety management systems, technical training and consultancy.
The Institute of Agrifood Technologies and Infrastructures of Navarre (INTIA) offers specialised infrastructures for:
Institute of Food Science of the Universidad de Navarra: the university’s extensive experience in pharmaceutical develop¬ment is directly applicable to research into nutrition, through a multidisciplinary platform that covers the entire process of development of nutraceutical/functional foods.
Institute of Agrobiotechnology (IdAB): a mixed centre, jointly owned by the Universidad Pública de Navarra (UPNA), the High¬er Council of Scientific Research (CSIC) and the Government of Navarra. The centre specialises in different areas of biotechnology and agronomy.
The agrifood cluster of Navarra has recently been constituted. With 41 partners to date from subsectors such as meat, transformation, vegetables, dairy, wine, primary, plus others. The cluster sets out to align the agrifood sector with European policies on innovation and sustainability, and detect opportunities for all the stakeholders in the value chain.
Some of the most important companies in the agrifood sector are: Congelados de Navarra, Martiko, Gelagri, General Mills, Planasa, Vega Mayor (Florette), Visfocan, IAN, Virto, Mondelez or Berlys among others.
Navarra is a pioneer and a benchmark at European level in the production of renewables, thanks to a historic technological and industrial commitment to their development and the application of new global standards for wind power.
Navarra has surpassed the European target set for 2020 in renewable energy sources: Since 2009, 21.3 % of total energy production in Navarra comes from renewable energy sources; this figure already surpasses the target of 20 % set by the European Union for the start of the next decade.
Since December 2009, the installed capacity of renewables in the region is around 1.570 MW, of which 970 MV come from wind farms.
Renewable energies cover 81.1 % of electricity demand in Navarra, equivalent to the consumption of 911,000 homes (there are 240,000 in Navarra). Around 40 % of the energy produced is exported.
Furthermore, in 2008-2013 it has consolidated itself as the third economic area in terms of number of patents, reaching 6.4 % of the total. Navarra is very well equipped with infrastructures and skills for the carrying out of R&D+i for the sector:
CENER: National Centre of Renewable Energies. A technology centre specialised in applied research and the development and promotion of renewable energies. Cener’s work is oriented towards the development of technology through R&D+i projects, technical assistance and the provision of services, and the preparation of technical and economic viability reports and studies. It can call on cutting-edge technological infrastructures such as the Wind Turbine Testing Laboratory (LEA), unique in the world. More than 200 researchers work in Cener, offering services to companies and institutions from all over the world.
CENIFER: The National Reference Centre for Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency was the first initiative of its kind in Europe in vocational training in the sector. Over 5,000 people trained, 22 full-time instructors, 17 classrooms and laboratories. A wind power cluster has been recently created. It is a pioneer in this market and consists of 11 companies, the aim being to improve the competitiveness of the sector.
A wind power cluster has been recently created. It is a pioneer in this market and consists of 11 companies, the aim being to improve the competitiveness of the sector.
Navarra is also the “birthplace of innovation in wind power”
It is home to several energy sector companies that have taken the leap into international expansion after consolidating their presence in Navarra.
The key factors that have made Navarra a pioneer in renewables are:
A. The Energy Plan for Navarra 1995/2000, which was followed by another two similar plans enacted by the Government of Navarra with the following objectives:
1. Promoting energy saving and efficiency.
2. Taking maximum advantage of renewable sources of energy, making them compatible with the environment.
3. Extending transmission and distribution networks.
B. The growing social acceptance of wind farms.
C. The presence of private enterprise, which has made a firm commitment to renewable energy and carried out considerable investment in the initial launch phase.
Some of the most important companies in the region are Acciona Energía, Nordex Acciona, Siemens Gamesa, Ingeteam, M. Torres, Sapa, Sakana, Nabrawind, Rios Renovables, Fluitecnik or Naweco among others.
Navarra has one of the most dynamic biomedical clusters in Spain, with great opportunities for investment and partnership in the sector.
It consists of 25 companies, 5 research centres, 2 universities and 2 leading hospitals in Navarra. The innovation infrastructure of the region is among the best in Spain, enabling the development of biomedical products from the phase of discovery through to their marketing. Backed by the high level of the healthcare sector and future trends, the biopharmaceutical sector has considerable scientific and technological weight, with strong specialisation in biotechnology and pharmaceutical products.
This is possible thanks to the work done together by companies and institutions in the region.
1. CIMA is the biggest biomedical research centre in Spain. It opened in 2004, based on the 50 years’ experience of the Faculty of Medicine and the University Hospital of Navarra, and that of the Faculties of Science and Pharmacy and the Applied Pharma-biology Research Centre. It employs over 300 researches from more than 20 countries and has over 22 patents active and 5 products in the pre-clinical phase. Every year around 10 million euros are invested in basic and applied research.
2. The biomedical cluster of Navarra includes some of the most notable Spanish biomedical companies, e.g.:
Biomedical research in Navarra
Navarra has two prestigious universities, a public and private healthcare system that is closely linked to the universities and other entities that drive applied research - CIMA and NAVARRABIOMED - under the umbrella of the Health Research Institute of Navarra (IDISNA) - and the Institute of Agrobiotechnology (IdAB). The biomedical cluster in Navarra has grown steadily through business initiatives. It consists of more than 30 private companies and research centres that employ more than 2,400 people. Research activity is being extended to new, emerging fields such as Nano biomedical R&D. This activity is mainly focused on L’Urederra and CEMITEC, two public technology centres. More than 100 patents have been registered over the period.
Public support for innovation
The Government of Navarra is strongly committed to the development and consolidation of the biomedical sector in Navarra. The evolution over the last 10 years has been very positive, taking advantage of the pull effect of the biggest generic medicines company in Spain (CINFA) and the ecosystem created around it (3P Biopharmaceutical, Idifarma, Geyser Pharma and Lozys). We would highlight the appearance of new technology-based companies in Navarra.
The ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) sector is the one that has grown the fastest in recent years and is a key economic driver of advanced societies, both through its own growth and the fact that it drives the development of other sectors.
The cross-cutting nature of ICT means that this sector is also critical for the development of other identified strategic sectors (for instance "Smart Grids" in Energy, sensor networks in the Agro Sector applications or “E-Health”).
Navarra has not great tradition in this sector, but counts on a prestigious college and several leading companies in some areas such as Internet Security, GIS ("Geo Information Systems"), Open source ERP and financial applications.
The existing ICT Sector in Navarra can be considered a young one. 86% of companies have been set up in the last 15 years and 67% in the last decade. A total of 26 companies are over 25 years old and only one has turned 30.
The availability of ICTs in Navarra is particularly competitive in the case of control and regulation systems applied to the renewables sector and geographic information systems. Both areas require specific systems, and these are being created by Navarrese companies that have taken advantage of the market niche to acquire experience and extend their services to other regions.
The main companies located in Navarra are: Openbravo, Tracasa, S21 SEC, Conasa, iSOCO, Smart Futura o CyC.
Last updated: 17|01|2018
The information on these pages was prepared by each autonomous community